The Internet of Things is the next level of development for devices that can be networked via the Internet or wireless technologies. They exchange data in real-time both directly and via remote online servers.
These devices can operate in automatic mode, but the user can control them including remotely. The simplest explanation of what the IoT is sounds like this: it is a network in which not users communicate with each other, but devices.
If earlier computers, laptops, smartphones, and tablets were connected to the Internet, now you can connect almost any device to it. These are smartwatches, smart home appliances, data centers, and even smart clothes – right down to sneakers and socks.
How the IoT works
A key sign that a device belongs to the “Internet of Things” is that it can connect to the Internet on its own or communicate with other similar devices and transfer data to them.
For example, you have a sports bracelet. It collects information about your daily activity, counts the number of steps taken, measures your heart rate, and determines the number of calories burned. This information is transmitted via Bluetooth to a smartphone on which a particular application is installed. It analyzes the incoming data and sends it to the server. The results are stored in the cloud so that you can study them dynamically at any time: for a week, a month, or another period. Perhaps you are using any medical service – then this information will be available to your doctor. If the indicators go beyond the permissible limits, a corresponding notification will be sent to his smartphone or tablet.
So the key feature of the Internet of Things is connectivity. Even devices that have never occurred to anyone before connecting to the Internet can become part of the network—for example, a kettle or a washing machine. The IoT can even solve problems that are a constant subject of jokes.
For example, you can add Bluetooth chips to your socks so that two socks from one pair will not be lost. If the distance between them exceeds the acceptable norm, they will notify the owner of this with a sound signal.
There are several directions in the “Internet of Things.” If we talk about household devices, these can be:
- Wearable electronics: primarily smartwatches and sports bracelets;
- Smart home: from sockets, bulbs, and alarm systems to electrical appliances and household appliances;
- Smart clothes (this area is still the least developed, but many solutions are already offered to consumers, for example, sneakers that track the wearer’s physical activity).
Top Key Benefits of IoT
The Internet of Things for Business is an effective and innovative technology that allows companies to move forward, expand existing and open new opportunities, maintain a competitive advantage in the market and improve operational efficiency.
We have highlighted several primary advantages of the Internet of Things for business:
1. Automatic closing of simple tasks and redistribution of duties of employees to perform more complex ones;
2. Effective management of operations;
3. High efficiency of resource use;
4. Reduced costs due to reduced downtime;
5. Increased level of labor safety;
6. Improving marketing and management strategies;
7. Improving customer service and retention;
8. Increasing the competitiveness of the company;
9. A reliable and attractive company image for clients and new employees.
Thanks to the IoT, you will save a lot of time previously spent on performing daily routines.
How to start using the “Internet of Things.”
You need to purchase a device that belongs to the IoT.
- Smartwatch or sports bracelet. The device will help you learn about incoming calls and new SMS without touching your smartphone. The gadget will collect information about your physical activity daily;
- Smart House. One sensor will monitor the temperature and turn the air conditioner on or off as needed. At the same time, the other will be responsible for the safety of the house. In smoke, water leakage, and other malfunctions, the system will notify of the problem.